CANADIAN FOOTBALL HISTORY
INTRODUCTION OF CANADIAN FOOTBALL
Form of football developed in the mid-19th century from rugby football and modified by American football early in 20th century.
Canadian football is played by teams of 12 players on a field marked the same as an American football gridiron.
but 10 yds (9 m) longer and 11.5 yds (10.5 m) wider. A deadline is marked off 20 yds (18 m) behind each goal line.
and the space between these lines is the goal area. At the start of each play, the defensive line players must be at least 1 yd (91 cm).
and behind the line of scrimmage (an imaginary line designating the position of the ball).
Offensive line players are the only players not allowed to be in motion before the ball is snapped.
Only three downs (attempts to move the ball 10 yds in order to be awarded a new set of downs) are allowed.
SCORING METHOD OF CANADIAN FOOTBALL
Scoring in Canadian football is the same as in the American game.
except for a variation of the single point, also called the rouge or single.
A single is scored when the ball enters the goal area after a punt or a missed field goal.
and is recovered by a defensive player who is downed in the goal area.
A single is also scored when the ball enters the goal area.
after a punt or missed a field goal and then goes out of bounds, or on a kickoff.
when the ball is touched by a member of the opposing team and then enters the goal area.
Football Union (CRFU), founded in 1884. the trophy and the championship recreation have come to be acknowledged as the Grey Cup Since 1954 it has been awarded only to professional teams.
CANADIAN FOOTBALL RENAMED
In 1956 the Canadian Football Council was formed. Two years later it was renamed the Canadian Football League (CFL), with Western and Eastern conferences (renamed divisions in 1981).
The CFL, among its other regulations, sets a limit on the number of U.S.-born players on Canadian teams.
In 1993 the league admitted its first U.S. franchise, adding the Sacramento of Gold Miners.
After several years with a fluctuating number of American teams, the CFL returned to an all-Canadian format in 1996.
EAST DIVISION TEAM
The teams in the East Division of the CFL are the Hamilton Tiger-Cats, the Montréal Alouettes, the Toronto Argonauts, and the Ottawa Renegades.
The teams in the West Division are the British Columbia Lions, the Calgary Stampeders, the Edmonton Eskimos, the Winnipeg Blue Bombers, and the Saskatchewan Roughriders.
In 1962 The Canadian Football Hall of Fame and Museum opened in Hamilton and Ontario.